>Understanding radiotherapy for treatment of breast cancer
Radiotherapy is one of the key treatment pillars of breast cancer as it is a targeted and effective way to destroy cancer cells. It is often used after Breast Conserving Surgery to help prevent recurrence.
With technology and medical advancements and our collaboration with MD Anderson Cancer Center (MDACC), CIH customises individual treatment techniques for different patients with their interests in mind.
Here are the different treatment techniques used by CIH:
Hypofractionated Breast Radiotherapy and External Beam Partial Breast Irradiation are shorter treatment courses compared to the usual four-week courses. The latter treats only the area around the tumour for those with early stage of the disease and is delivered using external beam radiation therapy technology instead of invasive methods. This is offered by CIH using MDACC’s protocol for certain patients.
Volumetric Arc Therapy ensures a homogenous dose distribution in patients to decrease the daily treatment time with the aim of lowering the risks of side effects. The Regional Nodal Irradiation specifically targets the lymph nodes surrounding the affected breast and helps to minimise the possibility of recurrence in these nodal drainage areas.
The Active Breathing Coordinator™ (ABC) device helps the patient to achieve consistent breath-holds during treatment, with the chest wall at a distance from the radiation. The additions of a breast compression plate and head mask ensure that the central organs are kept away from the radiation field.