> Vaccine to prevent Mumps, Measles and Rubella
Did you know that under the National Childhood Immunisation Programme, all children born in Singapore would have been vaccinated against Mumps, Measles and Rubella (MMR) between 12 months and 15-18 months of age in two separate doses? (source)
MMR are highly contagious viral infections that can lead to serious complications. People who have received two doses of MMR vaccine as children are usually considered protected for life and may only need an additional dose if they are at risk of a mumps outbreak. (source)
Mumps is extremely contagious and causes fever, headache, muscle aches, tiredness and loss of appetite. The most obvious symptom is painful and swollen salivary glands, causing a puffy cheek and giving a “hamster-like” face. Complications can include swelling of the testicles or ovaries, deafness, inflammation of the brain and/or tissue covering the brain and spinal cord (encephalitis/meningitis) and, rarely, death.
Children between five and nine years old are most affected, but the mumps virus can infect adults as well. There are more likely to be serious complications for adults with mumps. Mumps can be transmitted by saliva from an infected person. Sharing of cutlery, sneezing and kissing are some of the ways that the virus can be transmitted. Mumps virus is present throughout the world. (Source)
Measles is caused by a virus in the paramyxovirus family and is spread by coughing and sneezing, or direct contact with infected nasal or throat secretions. The first signs of measles include fever, cough, runny nose, conjunctivitis and a red, pinpoint rash that starts on the face and spreads to the rest of the body. Measles in older children can get very serious and can lead to pneumonia and inflammation of the brain, called encephalitis, which can cause seizures and brain damage. (source)
Measles are common and often fatal in developing countries, particularly in parts of Africa and Asia, or in countries experiencing a natural disaster. The lack of health infrastructure and health services interrupts routine immunisation, and overcrowding in residential camps greatly increases the risk of infection. Measles is still one of the major causes of death in children among vaccine-preventable diseases. (source)
Rubella shares similar characteristics as measles, including the red rash. However, Rubella is caused by a different virus than measles, and is neither as infectious nor severe as measles. (source) Rubella causes fever, sore throat, rash, headache, enlarged lymph nodes at the back of the back or behind the ears, and conjunctivitis. A pregnant woman with rubella may have a miscarriage or give birth to a baby with serious birth defects.
Signs and symptoms of Rubella generally appear between two and three weeks after exposure to the virus and typically last about one to five days. The rates of children born from mothers with Rubella are highest in the African and South-East Asian regions where vaccination coverage is lowest. (source)
Protect Yourself; Get Vaccinated
There are steps you can take to protect yourself from hepatitis A, B and C.
Prevention of Mumps, Measles, Rubella and their complications can be achieved through measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccination, an effective three-in-one approach to preventing these diseases. Ensure you are vaccinated before your travels. Check in anytime at the 24-Hour clinic at Concord International Hospital (CIH) to get vaccinated for a peace of mind before traveling.
CIH’s 24-hour clinic provides a personalised healthcare experience and offers medical services including acute medical consultation, chronic problems, vaccinations, check-ups and radiological services.